Known among the public with nicknames such as "The Red Castle" and "The Red School", this gigantic building is without doubt one of the most beautiful and dominant structures on the Golden Horn.
Designed by Ottoman Greek architect Dimadis, the building was constructed with an eclectic mix of different styles.
Despite its function as a school, the building is often referred to as "the 5th largest castle in Europe" because of its castle-like shape.
The large dome at the top of the building is used as an observatory for astronomy classes and has a large antique telescope.
Phanar Greek Orthodox College is the oldest surviving and most prestigious Greek Orthodox school in Istanbul. Established in 1454 by Matheos Kamaryotis, it soon became the school of prominent Greek families in the empire, and many Ottoman ministers and Wallachian princes were graduated from it.
The total cost of the building was 17,210 Ottoman gold pounds, an enormous sum for that period.
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