Newcastle is located about 160 kilometres north of Sydney on the eastern seaboard of Australia at the mouth of the Hunter River. Founded as a penal colony in 1804, coal deposits quickly led to Newcastle becoming a shipping and commercial centre by the 1860s. Industrialisation increased after iron and steel mills were built in 1915.
Still with a heavy emphasis on its manufacturing institutions however, Newcastle was dealt a massive blow in 1997 when it was announced that BHP would close the Steelworks.
Newcastle today is a modern thriving centre and is Australia's sixth most populated city.
The township is dominated by the majestic Christchurch Cathedral and council height restrictions of 45m ensures that the cathedral remains the highest structure on the skyline.