Charlotte is the metropolis of the Carolinas. Located in the south-central part of the state in the Piedmont, near the South Carolina border, it is a center of finance, transportation, wholesale distribution, and manufacturing.
Charlotte was founded by Scotch-Irish and German settlers around 1750, naming their community for Queen Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the wife of King George III. Presidents Andrew Jackson and James K. Polk were born nearby. Before 1849, the area led the nation in gold production. The last full Confederate cabinet meeting was held here April 10, 1865, approving terms of surrender.
Growth came with the coming of the railroad and the development of industry in the early 1900s. The southern Piedmont became the nation's leading textile center, contributing to Charlotte's growth into a major trucking center. By the 1930 census, it had surpassed Winston-Salem as the state's largest city, which it has remained ever since.
The city's skyline reflects this growth, and was redefined with the addition of the Bank of America Corporate Center in 1992. The evolution of uptown has continued ever since as the city continues to grow.